Plunder: The Source of Islamic Economy
Dear Mr. Sina,
One of my friends whom I know from a Polish discussion board (he’s a Roman Catholic) claims that Islam has absolutely no respect of work and prefers plunder as a source of wealth. He claims that trade is the only normal source of income not frowned upon by Islam. His conclusion therefore is that cultures based on Islam are simply incapable of creating a prosperous economy.
I decided to ask you after reading a tweet by an ISIS fan who posts about Syria and Iraq (nicknamed “Shami Witness”). The tweet said “A classical Ghazi state must expand continuously”. Is that a confirmation of Islam’s distaste for work?
I’d say both, i.e. your Roman Catholic friend and this Muslim supporter of ISIS are right. Muhammad had no regards for productive work. In regards to agricultural equipment, for example, he said, “There is no house in which these equipment enter except that Allah will cause humiliation to enter it.”[Bukhari: 3: 39: 514]
The reason Muhammad was so disdainful of agriculture is because he wanted his followers to be warriors. Agriculture requires commitment to the land. As a farmer you can’t abandon your cultivated land and go raiding that often took weeks if not months. He said, “When you enter into the inah transaction, hold the tails of oxen, are pleased with agriculture, and give up conducting jihad. Allah will make disgrace prevail over you, and will not withdraw it until you return to your original religion.” [Dawud: 23: 3455]
Although agriculture is more demanding, all industries require commitment to some extent. Khabbib, a companion of Muhammad narrated, “I in the pre-Islamic days used to work as an iron-smith.” [Muslim: 39: 6716] Obviously, after joining Muhammad he left his profession and earned his living through raids.
It is reported that one day Muhammad narrated the following story, “One of the inhabitants of Paradise will ask Allah to allow him to cultivate the land. Allah will ask him, ‘Are you not living in the pleasures you like,’ He will say, ‘Yes, but I like to cultivate the land.’” So Muhammad went on saying that the man will be permitted to sow the seeds and the plants will grow as big as mountains in a blink of an eye with fruits ready to pick and then Allah will say to him, ‘O son of Adam! Gather the yield; nothing satisfies you.'” [Bukhari. 3: 39: 538]
The moral of this story is that agriculture is for greedy people. A true Muslim must be content with what he earns from booty, which of course was a lot more profitable and safe. By raiding villages and towns, the jihadists could kill men caught off guard and unarmed and plunder their wealth.
Muhammad was completely disinterested in production and industry. Wealth, according to him, had to be earned through looting. One of his companions narrated, “Allah’s Apostle forbade us to do a thing which was a source of help to us. [He] sent for me and asked, ‘What are you doing with your farms?’ I replied, ‘We give our farms on rent, or rent it for some wasqs (sacks) of barley and dates.’ Allah’s Apostle said, ‘Do not do so, but cultivate (the land) yourselves or let it be cultivated by others gratis, or keep it uncultivated’ I said, ‘We haer and obey.’” [Bukhari, 3: 39: 532] Another hadith reports the same thing. “Whoever has land should cultivate it himself or give it to his (Muslim) brother gratis; otherwise he should keep it uncultivated.” [Bukari, 3: 39: 533]
It is said that Ibn Umar had some lands that he had rented out, and when he heard this hadith, he stopped renting them. [Bukhari, 3: 39: 536]
Despite abandoning agriculture and industry, Muslims were enriched, but entirely with booty and stealing the properties of others. Umar is reported saying, “But for the future Muslim generations, I would have distributed the land of the villages I conquer among the soldiers as the Prophet distributed the land of Khaibar.” [Bukhari, 3: 39: 527]
However, just like everything else Muhammad did and said, there was no consistency in him. When he raided and conquered Khaibar, he confiscated all the lands but allowed the survivors to cultivate them and share with him half of the proceeds. Umar’s son has narrated, “Allah’s Apostle intended to expel the Jews but they requested him to let them stay there on the condition that they would do the labor and get half of the fruits. Allah’s Apostle told them, “We will let you stay on thus condition, as long as we wish.” So, they (i.e. Jews) kept on living there until ‘Umar forced them to go towards Taima’ and Ariha’.” [Bukhari: 3: 39: 531]
The reason for this discrepancy may be in the fact that the conquered population of Khaybar were Jews. Technically speaking, they were not renting their confiscated land but laboring freely for Muslims.
Ibn Umar said, The Prophet concluded a contract with the people of Khaibar to utilize the land on the condition that half the products of fruits or vegetation would be their share. The Prophet used to give his wives one hundred wasqs each, eighty wasqs of dates and twenty wasqs of barley. (When ‘Umar became the Caliph) he gave the wives of the Prophet the option of either having the land and water as their shares, or carrying on the previous practice. Some of them chose the land and some chose the wasqs, and ‘Aisha chose the land. [Bukhari, 3: 39: 521]
None of the laws of Islam have any expiry date. The fact that Muslims’ provision must come from booty is ratified by contemporary Muslims.
The Islamic site Islamicawakening.com writes,
“Narrated Ibn Umar (ra) that the Prophet (saw) said, “My livelihood is under the shade of my spear, and he who disobeys my orders will be humiliated.”
(Sahih Bukhari, p.408, vol.1)
The virtue of the spear has been mentioned in this hadith and we have been informed that the livelihood and provision of the Prophet (saw) lies in the spear (jihaad). This is why the muhaditheen have stated that the best earning is that of war booty and it is clearly proven by this hadith that booty has been made permissible for this Ummah.
Only the spear has been mentioned out of all the war weaponry that, “livelihood has been placed under the spear” because generally, the flag is raised high on a spear, so the spear has been mentioned indicating towards the flag, and the livelihood means the booty. Allah has classified the wealth of the booty as clean wealth, as Allah says:
“And remember when you were few and reckoned weak in the land and were afraid that men might kidnap you. But He provided a safe place for you, strengthened you with His help, and provided you with good things so that you might be grateful.” (Anfal: 26)
The commentary of “good” (tayyab), in the above verse has been explained as booty.
Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah (ra) the Prophet (saw) said, “I have been given five things which were not given to anyone else before me:
1. Allah made me victorious by awe (by his frigtening my enemy), for a distance of one month’s journey.
2. The earth has been made for me (and my followers) a place for offering salah and a thing to purify (perform tayyamum), therefore anyone of my followers can offer salaah wherever he is at the time of salaah.
3. The booty has been made halal to me, yet it was not lawful to anyone else before me.
4. I have been given the right of intercession.
5. Every Prophet used to be sent to his nation only but I have sent to all mankind”. (Sahih Bukhari, p.51, English summarised edition; Muslim; Bayhaqi, p.4, vol.9)
This Muslim on Twitter who said, “A classical Ghazi state must expand continuously,” is correct. The Islamic economy is secured through plunder. So an Islamic state must keep expanding and looting. It is like a bicycle. You must keep pedaling or you fall.
Margaret Thatcher said, “The problem with socialism is that eventually you run out of other people’s money.” The problem with Islamic economy is not much different. Once there is no one left to loot, Muslims will start cannibalizing each other by branding one another kafir, heretic and un-Islamic to justify raiding and looting them.
Since Muslims were driven out of Spain about 450 years ago, their source of income also dried out and they became impoverished ever since.
When Mark Twain visited the Ottoman Empire, he was struck by the absence of technological advancement and the pervasiveness of ignorance in general. He wrote, “The plows these people use are simply a sharpened stick, such as Abraham plowed with, and they still winnow their wheat as he did — they pile it on the house-top, and then toss it by shovel-fulls into the air until the wind has blown all the chaff away. They never invent anything, never learn anything.”
Twain was also not much impressed by the Muslim concept of morality. He said: “Mosques are plenty, churches are plenty, graveyards are plenty, but morals and whiskey are scarce. The Koran does not permit Mohammedans to drink. Their natural instincts do not permit them to be moral. They say the Sultan has eight hundred wives. This almost amounts to bigamy. It makes our cheeks burn with shame to see such a thing permitted here in Turkey.”
Muslims see they are poor, while everyone else is better off. And since they think Allah has made it lawful for them to loot and plunder, they have risen to claim what they regard as theirs, i.e. your wealth.
And of course the concept of ethics and morality is as alien to the Muslim psyche as is camel to North Pole. For a Muslim right and wrong are not determined by the standards of the Golden Rule, but by what Muhammad has allowed and forbidden. Muslims will not use their conscience to judge the Islamic morality. They have none. To have a conscience one must be able to think independently. Muslims pride themselves in hearing and obeying, not in thinking, reasoning and God forbid, questioning.
No. Baptism is done with WARM(not hot) water.
Then there is the First Holy Communion, where children have to eat their first wafer (i don't know how is called in English – ostia?) and drink a bit of vine (the vine is not required anymore. I was one of the first to have the rite without vine)
It is very interesting how these issues of economics and religion are intertwined.<img src="http://s04.flagcounter.com/mini/mHX/bg_FFFFFF/txt_DBDBDB/border_FFFFFF/flags_1/" height="1" width="1" />
your fake moon god allah is not a god in the first place. why we must follow something said by psycopath muhammad ? your logic proofs islam bring you and other muslim to very low position in humanity. if your fake god exist, why not ask that fake god to eliminate non muslim by himself? then , i will say you distort message of love and try to replace satan by saying god is a hate monger. you islamic satan worshippers must be exterminated from the earth. support israel to eliminate palestinian satan worshippers. convert satan worshipper (muslim) to chrisitanity with sword in europe and america. if they not obey to follow the rule of god(christianity), behead them.
Dear Ali Sina, I laugh on your poor thought. It is correct Muslims raid and loot but to whom? We raid and loot non-believers in Allah. People who are not grateful to their creator have no right to live and use wealth earn on this holy land made by Almighty Allah. Even police of all country whenever raid to a thief house take detention of all his wealth.
What is Wrong with you dear Sina to understand a simple logic?
but you christians drink blood of jesus and his flesh . what about tha.
christians are the biggest caste terrorists in india.
@ Miss Vasumati
Thanks for accepting that you are gona eat your close relatives decomposed useless dead body.If you look at the video aghori is eating a docomposed useless dead body with out changing its original form.Coming to my grand childern they are not going eat this stupid stuff because we are going to defeat the last enemy in JESUS name that is death.
1 Corinthians 15:26 says
The last enemy that will be destroyed is death
And this is my last post for a INSANE person like you if u even provocate me i am not going to answer you.
I am not an Aghori master ,so that i can change the form ,from a piece of flesh of a dead body to Rasgullah and eat it. But down the line withing fifty years science will take us to that level when,we will send our dead bodies for reuse as food ,then mine and your grandchildren will taste them :p
@ Miss Vasumati
Still waiting for your answer would you like to eat your close relative useless dead body or not, just say yes or no, if not why so.
/If it is so scientific how many dead bodys have u eaten until this day and why dont you hindus/
Are you not Christian eat dead bodies of Pigs,Cows,Chickens ,Goat ?,then how can you discriminate between human body and other body .After all a dead body is mater .A day will come the earth will become barren and only food available will be human flesh.Then you have to live on human body,learn something from 'bear grills' episodes.Human stupidity knew no bounds ,when you defaecate you want to run away from the discharged waste but you don't hesitate to carry it in your anus ,whole day :p
@ Miss Vasumati
If it is so scientific how many dead bodys have u eaten until this day and why dont you hindus practise it in day to day life.If one your close relative dies would you like to consume his useless dead body with your family or cremate the body with respect.
Oh!! man are you afraid to see this why?. After all it is a dead body that Aghori has utilized it for his feeding. Upon death body becomes useless for any other purpose, it is a matter . These Aghoris are scientist they can transfer one form of a matter into different form.You don't know ,when you raise your kundlini to solar plexus ,you will acquire certain powers and one of the power is, you can change the combinations of energy of a particular matter into different combination.For example the combination of energy involved in the iron can be changed into the combination of energy involved in the bread ,thus the piece of iron can be transformed to bread and be consumed. 'Hinduism' is a vast philosophy ,you need constant study and practice .There is no scope for blind belief.No one will believe blindly ;some one to be a 'son of God' and the only cause for salvation ,sorry!.
@ Miss Vasumati
Unmarried woman showing her frustration and her upbringing. Watch this video and be cool
WARNING : Its not for weak HEART people  ;http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=orUh2do3EOs
Are you sane, Ms Vasumati?
Look how many christian fools are cooking bible for you ! ,why you are so out raged ,he has sanitized the truth in the bible for you =/
Dear Ali, where on earth are you? Do you know that I miss you like crazy? Please read this 'Cast terrorism's comment and I think that you'd shake your head in disbelief at his stupidity and inability to understand the scripture.
I think she is a brain dead muslim who follows a rapist rasool who hates wine.
@ Miss Vasumati
But i am talking HINDUISM and not about HINDUS…..
You mean to say hinduism has nothing do with caste system,how wonderfull thanks for showing the truth.
And coming to your point about wine i give u this verse.
JOHN 2 : 1And the third day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee; and the mother of Jesus was there: 2And both Jesus was called, and his disciples, to the marriage. 3And when they wanted wine, the mother of Jesus saith unto him, They have no wine. 4Jesus saith unto her, Woman, what have I to do with thee? mine hour is not yet come. 5His mother saith unto the servants, Whatsoever he saith unto you, do it. 6And there were set there six waterpots of stone, after the manner of the purifying of the Jews, containing two or three firkins apiece. 7Jesus saith unto them, Fill the waterpots with water. And they filled them up to the brim. 8And he saith unto them, Draw out now, and bear unto the governor of the feast. And they bare it. 9When the ruler of the feast had tasted the water that was made wine, and knew not whence it was: (but the servants which drew the water knew;) the governor of the feast called the bridegroom, 10And saith unto him, Every man at the beginning doth set forth good wine; and when men have well drunk, then that which is worse: but thou hast kept the good wine until now. 11This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee, and manifested forth his glory; and his disciples believed on him.
From this verses it is clear that it is not jesus who encouraged consumption of wine. If you have brain use it if not may allah ( satan ) help you.
i dont care whether jesus is a myth or real. as long as the believe is acceptable by humanity, it is a good believe. after all, all religion are man made. this is not a problem here. the current problem/disease/cancer face by the world is islam. we need to do something to get rid of this. this dangerous cult about to destroy human civilization.
''.I think you are christian of Keralian origin'' I don't think he is keralian. He is westerner, an English or an American. He knows many religions and cultures very deeply.
Christianity borrowed it's central myths and ceremonies from ancient religions.The ancient world was rife with tales of virgin birth( Hinduism),miracle working savior( Mithraism) , tripatate gods( Hinduism- Trimurti), gods taking human form( Hinduism), gods arising from the dead ( Hinduism) heavens and hell( Mithraism) and day of judgement( Mithraism). In addition to the myths,many of the ceremonies of ancient religions also match those of that latecomer christianity. To cite but one example( there are many others) ,consider Mithraism,a Persian religion predating christianity by centuries. Mithra,the savior of the Mithraic religion and a god who took human form was born of a virgin ,he belonged to the holy trinity and as a link between heaven and Earth; and he ascended into heaven after his death. His followers believed in heaven and hell ,looked forward to a day of judgement and referred to Mithra as '' the Light of the world'' .They also practiced baptism( for purification purposes) and ritual cannibalism- the eating of bread and drinking of wine to symbolize the eating and drinking of the god's body and blood.Given all this Mithra's birthday should come as no surperise December 25 th; this event as,of course , celebrated by Mithra's followers at midnight.
Mithraism is but the most striking example of the appearance of these myths and ceremonies prior to the advent of christianity. They appear in but the most scattered form – in many other pre-christian religions. This approves that Jesus is myth.
Do you mean to say that ,it is OK with Jesus encouraging consumption of liquor ,since Hindus are doing cast terrorism,very well !. Acknowledged!. But i am talking HINDUISM and not about HINDUS! .
@ Miss Vasumati
What would u like to say about cast terrorism of hindus. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uM85zVt6xCU
//Jesus introduced wine to his followers,and it is continued till this amongst his followers ,they thought that this is the way to paradise.// Please get your facts right before making a fool of yourself here.
Jesus introduced wine to his followers,and it is continued till this amongst his followers ,they thought that this is the way to paradise.But even after passing of 2000 years ,they are still searching enlightenment in Alcohol .Now the modern generation went still further, they are no more satisfied with alcohol.They now want more powerful dozes of intoxication's : are taking to drugs.You know how Taliban grew strong during last decade ,because of Opium trade ,and their market was Christian world .You may give thousand excuses and reasons but you cant deny the fact, that Jesus served wine to his disciples and thus introduced the taste of wine.I think you are christian of Keralian origin.Let me tell you ,the Vatican is struggling to keep the Christian folks together,the westerners en-mass are moving towards Buddhism and Hinduism.This is a hard truth and the solutions to all human spiritual questions lies in these religions and not in any Semitic belief,let alone Jesus!!!
Awesome comment. Caps Lock makes it loud and clear!
IT IS NOT TRUE THAT CHRISTIAN WORLD IS SINKING IN WINE. IT MAY BE TRUE ABOUT THE WESTERN CHRISTIANS THAT OCCASIONALLY THEY DRINK ALCOHOL. IT IS BECAUSE OF THE FACT THAT BASICALLY IT A PART OF THEIR LIFESTYLE DUE TO THE COLD CLIMATE THEIR. THERE ARE MANY CHRISTIAN COMMUNITIES WHICH CONSIDER WINE AS A TABOO. LOOK AT THE OLD CHRISTIAN COMMUNITIES OF INDIA – THE CHRISTIANITY PLANTED IN INDIA BY THOMAS THE APOSTLE OF CHRIST – FOR THEM DRINKING IS PROHIBITED. ((HOWEVER THE PORTUGUESE AND DUTCH CAME IN TO INDIA AND CONVERTED MANY HINDUS ALONG WITH THE TRADITIONAL CHRISTIANS IN TO ROMAN CATHOLICISM AND FOR THEM DRINKING IS OK, EVEN THOUGH THEY CONSIDER THEMSELVES AS THOMAS CHRISTIANS. BASICALLY THEY ARE ROMAN CHRISTIANS WITH A WESTERN TRADITIONS, THEY FOLLOW WESTERN TRADITIONS AND HENCE DRINKING WINE.)) I UNDERSTAND IT IS THE SAME WITH COPTIC, ETHIOPIAN, SYRIAN, CHALIAN, INDIAN, ERITREAN, IN SHORT ALL ORIENTAL ORTHODOX CHRISTIANS, DRINKING WINE IS A TABOO. I AM NOT SURE ABOUT THE GREEK, RUSSIAN ORTHODOX ETC. IN SHORT THE DRINKING HABITS ARE BASICALLY DEPEND ON THE PLACE OF THE EARTH YOU LIVE AND CHRISTIANITY HAVE NOTHING TO DO WITH IT. I HAVE ATTENDED DOZENS OF BAPTISM CEREMONIES OF DIFFERENT CHRISTIAN DENOMINATIONS, BUT I NEVER CAME ACROSS SUCH THINGS. NOW THERE IS GENERAL TENDENCY IN ALL CHRISTIAN COMMUNITY TO DRINK ALCOHOL AND IT IS NOT DIFFERENT FROM HINDUS ALSO, FOR WHICH THEIR SCRIPTURE NEED NOT BE BLAMED. HINDU SCRIPTURES SAYS ABOUT "SOMA RESA", DOES IT MEANS THAT ALL HINDUS ARE BOOZERS. MOREOVER CHRISTIANS ARE NOT CONSIDERING CHRIST AS A PROPHET IN THE SENSE MU CONSIDER MO. CHRISTIANS SEE CHRIST AS GOD HIMSELF.
Vasumati, you should read Kappunny's above comment again.
Thanks dude! 😀
Pride, jealousy and covetousness are the main tenets of this cult.
@ Ali Sina
You are spot on!!,These Muslims always lead their life on others labor or on looting and grabbing the properties of others . It is well known fact ,that now the conflict zone–the Palestine ,whole of Gaja,Syria,Lebanon ,Golan height etc places ,once belonging exclusively to Jews . Mohammed was having his eye on these fertile area's .Lo!! one day his Allah came and reveled the Al Aqusa mosque of Jerusalem.And so his follower attacked these area's and displaced the Jews from there .
Earlier the countries of central Asia predominantly of people following Buddhism .During this period uninterrupted business links were established from china to Europe on the silk road.But when all the central Asian countries were forcibly converted to Islam ,the whole psychology of the inhabitants were transformed.Now the same people became notorious looters on the silk route.They looted the caravans belonging to Mongol people and thus invited the wrath and invasion of Chengaze Khan. Therefore these Muslims very much afraid with the name of Halagu (the son of Chengaze Khan).Nice information really!!!
@Grace and Kappunny
Ask Ali: why he accepted Jesus ,while discarding Bible?,why not old testament ?Even a little content of Alcohol do not change its character.Jesus served wine to his followers and it has become a never ending phenomena in the Christian world till today .A child is Baptiste first with wine ,this is a fact .And Christians are imitating their prophet, this is also a hard fact.
You are right Grace, I have properly answered Miss Vasumati
Miss Vasanti would not have understood the message of the Bible fully and she would have gained her limited knowledge from some RSS websites. Christians have as many views about drinking alcohol, but the Bible is abundantly clear on one thing: Drunkenness is a serious sin. Wine was the common drink in ancient times. Some Bible scholars believe the drinking water in the Middle East was unreliable, often polluted or containing harmful microbes. The alcohol in wine would kill such bacteria. While some experts claim wine in Bible times had a lower alcohol content than today's wine or that people diluted wine with water, several cases of drunkenness are cited in Scripture. Bad Consequences of Intoxication. From the first book of the Old Testament onward, people who got drunk are condemned as examples of behavior to avoid. In every instance, a bad consequence resulted. Noah is the earliest mention (Genesis 9:21), followed by Nabal, Uriah the Hittite, Elah, Ben-hadad, Belshazzar, and people in Corinth. Verses that denounce drunkenness say it leads to other moral lapses, such as sexual immorality and laziness. Further, drunkenness clouds the mind and makes it impossible to worship God and act in a respectable manner: You can see dozens of verses in the Bible which condemn drinking. I quote a few of them for your information. If you read the Bible you can see many more. Start reading the New Testament and then start moke the teachings of Jesus.
Do not join those who drink too much wine or gorge themselves on meat, for drunkards and gluttons become poor, and drowsiness clothes them in rags. (Proverbs 23:20-21, Ephesians 5:18 And do not get drunk with wine, for that is debauchery, but be filled with the Spirit, Proverbs 20:1 Wine is a mocker, strong drink a brawler, and whoever is led astray by it is not wise. Galatians 5:21 Envy, drunkenness, orgies, and things like these. I warn you, as I warned you before, that those who do such things will not inherit the kingdom of God. 1 Corinthians 6:10 Nor thieves, nor the greedy, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor swindlers will inherit the kingdom of God. Proverbs 23:29-35 Who has woe? Who has sorrow? Who has strife? Who has complaining? Who has wounds without cause? Who has redness of eyes? Those who tarry long over wine; those who go to try mixed wine. Do not look at wine when it is red, when it sparkles in the cup and goes down smoothly. In the end it bites like a serpent and stings like an adder. Your eyes will see strange things, and your heart utter perverse things. Proverbs 23:20-21 Be not among drunkards or among gluttonous eaters of meat, for the drunkard and the glutton will come to poverty, and slumber will clothe them with rags. Galatians 5:19-21 Now the works of the flesh are evident: sexual immorality, impurity, sensuality, idolatry, sorcery, enmity, strife, jealousy, fits of anger, rivalries, dissensions, divisions, envy, drunkenness, orgies, and things like these. I warn you, as I warned you before, that those who do such things will not inherit the kingdom of God. Isaiah 5:11 Woe to those who rise early in the morning, that they may run after strong drink, who tarry late into the evening as wine inflames them! Romans 14:21 It is good not to eat meat or drink wine or do anything that causes your brother to stumble. Habakkuk 2:15 “Woe to him who makes his neighbors drink— you pour out your wrath and make them drunk, in order to gaze at their nakedness!
ISIL is a "gift" to kafirs. they expose true face of islam. they deliver message to muslim which even alisina failed. christians asked to convert or pay jizya or face death penalty or leave the place with what they wear. every property taken by ISIL. church destroyed. shia's mass murdered. their wife and children under custody. soon we can expect slave market.
I think that you should read the Bible to get your facts right. 😉
Mohammed encouraged smoking and Jesus encouraged drinking ,both are quack prophets .:p
//The Koran does not permit Mohammedans to drink.// My dear Ali, I find it strange that Muslims are forbidden by Muhammad bin Abdullah to drink wine or any beverages that contain alcohol but I realized that they can smoke all kinds of cigarettes and hookah? In fact, there are so many Muslim heavy smokers all over the world that I lost count? Do you know if Muhammad bin Abdullah allowed and encouraged Muslims to smoke till their lungs turned black?